First invented in the fourth century, the Trabuco was a destructive war machine that was used to fire stones to the enemies during battles. The war machine’s mechanism was one that was derived from the ancient sling application in a modified form. Also, the Trabuco can be compared with the modern day artillery method of firing missiles at a distance where its development was borrowed from the Trabuco mechanism. Again, the first Trabuco war machines were created by the Chinese who used it to destroy the walls of their enemy during wars.
The Trabuco war machine was a very popular weapon during the middle age period and was used for nearly 1000 years. The European troops acquired it at around 600 AD where they used it extensively to lay siege to their opponents around Europe. The weapon was also used around the Mediterranean by Christians and Muslims during religious conflicts according to priberam.pt. Nonetheless, the Trabuco war weapon would be later deserted in the 13th century when the modern weapons were invented that included the discovery of gunpowder.
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How the War Machine Worked
The Trabuco machines applied the Kinetic Theory which is a physics application to launch projectiles successfully. The physics behind how it worked is a method whereby potential energy is transformed into kinetic energy to fire while the speed of the load is directly proportional to the force applied. Further, there were various types of projectiles used though the main missiles fired were large stones and fireballs. Other odd forms of loads included corpses, animal carcasses and sometimes living people who were prisoners.
Additionally, the Trabuco machines were made in different sizes where the large ones needed around 15 people while the smallest forms could be operated by one person. Moreover, the first war weapon invented was known as the Traction Trabuco which incorporated human energy to fire loads. The second type that was developed was known as the Balancingor Hybrid Trabuco that used a counterweight instead of human strength to fire projectiles. The latter was a modification of the Traction Trabuco as it was difficult to coordinate the troops to work in synchrony and that is why it was abandoned.