The Brazilian legal system is based on the legal system of Portugal. This is understandable because Portugal colonized Brazil and controlled the country for hundreds of years. The main legal texts of Brazil are codes. They compile the basic legislation. The most important of these codes are the Code of Civil Procedure, the Civil Code, the Penal Code, the Tax Code, the Consolidated Labor Laws, and the Penal Procedure Code. While these codes are used to handle the day to day running of the country, Brazil’s Federal Constitution takes precedence over them all.
The Federal Constitution determines the administrative and political structure of the country. It ensures every citizen a number of fundamental rights and guarantees. Brazil’s Federal Constitution defines the power to be wielded by the judicial, legislative, and executive branches of government. It helps to maintain social order by providing financial and economic policy and orienting the tax system. While each state within Brazil has its own laws and government, they all must follow the principles outlined in the Federal Constitution. The Federal Constitution is a document with which anyone wishing to practice law in Brazil must be familiar if they are to pass the bar and successfully prosecute the law.
One of the most prominent and well-respected lawyers in Brazil is Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho. Mr. Tosto is considered one of Brazil’s foremost legal strategists. He is credited with pioneering a number of legal mechanisms that have now become commonly used tools in the country’s legal community. Mr. Tosto has provided legal services for many of Brazil’s largest and most influential companies as well as multinational corporations. He has also represented government officials, politicians, and highly visible public personalities in some of Brazil’s most high profile cases.
A partner in one of Brazil’s most prestigious law firms, Mr. Tosto has mentored many of Brazil’s best lawyers. Several of them now work for his law firm. The firm specializes in acquisition review, administrative law, banking contracts, business restructuring, bankruptcy, credit recovery, election law, power concessions, reorganization, and much more. Mr. Tosto was the president of the Brazilian Bar Association Sao Paulo section Judicial Reform and Judicial Modernization committees. He holds membership in the International Bar Association, the Brazilian Institute for Political Party and Election Law Studies, and the Institute for Management Development Steering Committee Alumni Association in Brazil. He’s also a noted legal and political writer and lecturer.